Home Health What is a cavity, and what are the causes of cavities?

What is a cavity, and what are the causes of cavities?


A cavity is a small hole in our tooth that occurs when the hard outer layer of the tooth, called enamel, is damaged under dental labs nyc. Although we might not notice a cavity forming, it can eventually cause pain. In more severe cases, a cavity can result in a dental procedure called a root canal.

Cavities are a common dental problem. However, proper oral hygiene and regular dental visits are often preventable at the denture lab near me.


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Teeth are coated in a relatively thick layer of enamel, a protective coating. Enamel is made mainly from minerals-including calcium-which forms hard crystals to protect the blood vessels and nerves in the tooth under dental labs nyc. Since enamel isn’t alive, it’s not able to reconstruct itself.

That’s difficult since tooth enamel is constantly under strike. Our mouth is full of bacteria, continually forming plaque, a sticky film, on our teeth under the denture lab near me. When we eat foods that contain sugar, these bacteria produce acid that can damage our tooth enamel under dental labs nyc. Over time, that injury can direct to the development of a cavity.

Symptoms and Identification

Cavities are solid to ascertain at first because we won’t notice any symptoms when they’re just forming under the denture lab near me. That’s why regular dental tests every six months are essential. At these tests, dentists can check for early cavities by looking at our teeth, touching them, and using x-rays under dental labs nyc.

As our cavity grows deeper into our tooth, it can reach the sensitive blood vessels and nerves in our tooth. That’s when we’re likely to start experiencing symptoms. The symptoms of cavities include:

  • A toothache
  • Pain when we chew
  • Tooth sensitivity to reversal, including pointed pain when eating hot or cold foods or beverages
  • Discoloration of the tooth or an observable hole

Who gets cavities?

However, the most likely to have cavities are teenagers or people above 50. Kids and adolescent children who drink from bottles are at increased risk because their teeth are exposed to carbohydrates and sugar from bottles overnight under dental labs nyc.

Additionally, older people are at possibility because they more often have diminishing gums. As the gum diminishes, it can expose the tooth’s root, which is not covered in enamel, but a softer substance under the denture lab near me.

In addition to those two statistics, other possibilities can increase our likelihood of cavities. It can make it easier for cavities to form. 

People with these situations are at enhanced possibility for tooth decay:

Dry mouth: Saliva assists in washing away the plague, so people who don’t have enough saliva because of medical conditions or medication are more likely to have cavities under dental labs nyc.

Reflux: The acid that accesses the mouths of people with reflux can deteriorate tooth enamel under the denture lab near me.

Eating disorders: Eating disarrangements can change saliva production, and frequent vomiting can bring stomach acid into the mouth and erode the enamel under dental labs nyc.


Although cavities are common, they’re also preventable. Taking these steps can help reduce our risk for cavities:

  • Brush our teeth two times a day with fluoride paste.
  • Dental embellishment
  • Minimize sugary snacks and beverages, which can cause incentive plaque to produce acid.
  • Avoid frequent snacking, so our teeth aren’t constantly exposed to acids made when we eat under dental labs nyc.
  • Visit a dentist regularly to catch tooth decay initially.


The treatment for our cavity will depend on how early it is detected. If we catch the hole before, our dentist may be able to prevent further damage by using fluoride treatments under dental labs nyc. It helps the enamel repair the minerals depleted by plaque formation under the denture lab near me.

However, cavities often require other treatments to ensure the damage to our teeth does not get worse. It includes:

Fillings: The dentist drills the damaged enamel and fills it with synthetic material. It prevents further damage to the tooth since the filling protects our tooth in the same way that enamel does under dental labs nyc.

Root canal: A root canal is needed when a cavity has gone through the enamel to the pulp, which is the material inside our tooth surrounding the blood vessels and nerves under the denture lab near me. A dentist cleans the tooth’s root during this procedure, removing the decay.

Tooth pulling: If the damage to our tooth from a cavity is severe, our dentist may advise us to have the tooth extracted under the denture lab near me. In this case, we should use a bridge or implant to fill the space the tooth has left so that our other teeth don’t move into the area under dental labs nyc.